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Shareholding Info
  • Promoters
    73.15 %
  • Foreign institutions-FII
    3.1 %
  • Other domestic institutions
    8.93 %
  • Retail and other
    10 %
  • Mutual Funds
    4.81 %

About Punjab National Bank (PNB)

Punjab National Bank (PNB) is one of the largest public sector lenders in India. Established on May 19, 1894, in Lahore, the bank opened for business a year later on April 12. It started operations with an authorised capital of ₹2 lakh, of which the working capital was ₹20,000. As many as 9 banks have been merged with PNB since its inception.

Punjab National Bank, along with 13 other major commercial banks, was nationalised on July 19, 1969.

Over the years the PNB has emerged as a leading player in the banking and financial services industry in India and abroad. It is the second largest PSU bank in India after the State Bank of India. The government holds a 73.15% stake in PNB (as of September 30, 2023). The bank had a market capitalisation of over ₹99,700 crore, as of December 15, 2023. PNB share price has surged 123% in the last three years.

PNB business operations

New Delhi-headquartered PNB offers a variety of financial services. It has an extensive portfolio, including retail and commercial banking, agricultural banking and international banking.

PNB provides products such as credit and debit cards, corporate and retail loans, cash management services, deposit services and trade finance. In the international domain, the bank offers services like foreign currency accounts, money transfers, letters of guarantee, world travel cards and specialised solutions for non-resident Indians (NRIs). PNB has forayed into merchant banking, mutual funds, depository services, insurance, and e-services.

PNB had a total of 51,519 delivery channels with a network of 10,092 domestic branches, two international branches, 12,645 ATMs and 28,782 business correspondents, as of September 2023.

The bank has established a diverse portfolio of domestic subsidiaries. PNB Gilts Limited, a listed subsidiary in which PNB has a 74.07% stake, handles the trading of government securities, treasury bills, and other money market instruments.

PNB Investment Services Limited oversees merchant banking activities, including project appraisal, loan syndication, and the execution of IPOs/FPOs/QIPs.

PNB Cards and Services Limited is another wholly-owned subsidiary of the banks, which offers credit card services.

PNB operates two overseas subsidiaries – PNB International Limited in London and Druk PNB Bank Limited in Bhutan. The bank also has a joint venture in Nepal named Everest Bank Limited. The lender has representative offices in neighbouring Myanmar and Bangladesh.
PNB has expanded its international presence with two branches in Gift City, Ahmedabad, and Dubai.

Financial highlights

Punjab National Bank reported strong growth in total business and an improvement in asset quality in the financial year 2022-2023 (FY23).
  • The bank’s total business reached ₹21.66 lakh crore in FY23.
  • In FY23, PNB reported a net profit of ₹2,507 crore, down 27% year-on-year compared to ₹3,457 crore in FY22.
  • Its net interest income (NII) stood at ₹34,492 crore, showcasing a YoY growth of 20.2%.
  • Gross NPA ratio declined by 304 basis points to 8.74% and the net NPA ratio improved by 208 basis points to 2.72% in FY23.
  • The net interest margin (NIM) improved by 35 basis points to 3.06% in FY23 from 2.71% in the previous financial year.

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