Demat account opening procedure

If you’re looking to buy securities (like shares, mutual funds or ETFs), a demat account in India is absolutely essential. Apart from the obvious benefits it offers (it’s cheaper and faster), it’s also a requirement when you wish to register yourself with any brokerage.

Key Points:

  1. There are two ways to open a demat account: the paperless method and the traditional method of submitting physical forms.
  2. Choosing a broker who fits your trading style and understands your financial goals is more important than the method you use to open a demat account.
  3. Sometimes brokers charge more for submitting physical forms therefore, ensure that you check all the account opening costs associated with a new demat account.

How To Open A Demat Account

Before you get started on the demat account opening procedure, select your broker. This choice could depend on a variety of factors – such as brokerage fees/charges (more on this below), the platform’s user interface, and its customer service.

In today’s digital day, the way you apply for your demat account matters. Your broker is the one who’ll help you open a demat account in the easiest way possible. Is it the traditional method involving paper forms? Or the new-age Aadhaar-based paperless online method?

We’ll lay them out here for you and let you figure out what’s easier.

Steps To Open A Demat Account

The Paperless account opening method

In today’s digital world, there really shouldn’t be any reason for you to be filling out physical forms when almost the entirety of your information can now be stored digitally. Fortunately, some brokers have the online processing part figured out. Customers can sign up and complete the registration process online. As long as you have an Aadhaar card with your mobile number linked to it, you’re good to go!

  • Head to the Upstox online demat account opening page.
  • Enter your basic details, and click Sign Up.
  • Keep scanned copies (i.e. soft copies) of your documents (Aadhaar, PAN, Cancelled Cheque, and your latest bank statement) with you for when you are directed to upload them.
  • Enter your Aadhaar details and the OTP you receive on your linked mobile number in order to verify your identity.

That should be it. Your demat account should now be created.

The Traditional / Offline Demat Account Opening Process

  • Your broker will hand you an account opening form – either when you’ve visited its office or if you’re meeting one if its employees.
  • You will need to fill out this form, and attach a proof of identity and a proof of address. These proofs can be submitted using photocopies of appropriate documents.
  • Once done, you’ll also be expected to sign an agreement with your broker. This document will state your responsibilities as a trader/investor, and that of your brokerage firm’s. Keep a copy of this document with you for future reference.
  • Once your broker  verifies and processes your documents, you’ll be given your demat account number, similar to how you receive a bank account number. This number is called the Beneficial Owner Identification Number (or BOID) or Unique Client Code (UCC) if you’re trading with Upstox.

You’ll also receive additional confidential data – such as a Login ID and key for accessing online portals and placing trades. Keep in mind that these transactions are likely to attract charges.You might incur some charges for using certain portals.

Demat Account Charges

There are multiple sorts of demat account charges you’re likely to come across – both during the time when you hunt for your preferred broker, and when you’ve completed your registration process. Primarily, these charges can be classified into 3 types:

  • Account Opening Fees
  • Annual Maintenance Fee
  • Transaction Fees

As it is obvious from its name, the account opening fees are the charges your broker will collect for the whole process of registering your demat account. Not all brokers charge this fee, so you’re likely to come across a few where you would not be paying any such fees. Some online brokers might charge a nominal account opening fee to trade on different segments.

Annual Maintenance Fee is usually a prepaid amount that your broker collects to keep your account active throughout the year. While these charges are usually nominal (Rs 300 – 800 for the year), many brokers in the industry have now begun to charge zero fees here as well. The race to provide traders with the best rates and services has led to some intense competition in the brokerage industry landscape.

Transaction Feesrefer to the charges your broker will levy for moving (debiting and crediting) your stocks or other securities to and from your demat account. This can vary wildly across brokers depending on the their target audience.

We charge minimal demat account opening fees (Rs 150 + tax) for a demat account. An Annual Maintenance Fee of the same amount also applies to the account.

Upstox continues to keep costs low with the Transaction Fees as well – charging Rs 13+5.5+tax (Rs 5.5 being CDSL’s depository charges) – significantly lower than large traditional broking firms.

While discount brokerages charge low account opening fees and brokerage, that’s not to say they cut down on services. For example, it is entirely possible to open a demat account using the traditional paper method on Upstox as well. Head over to the forms section on and download the demat account opening form to choose the type of demat account and the segments you want to trade on. Fill them up, attach the required documents, and send them over via courier to this address:

30th Floor, Sunshine Tower,

Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W),

Mumbai- 400 013

If you see the merits of a convenient and online Aadhaar-based registration, you’re welcome to get started with  the online demat account opening.

Wrapping Up

  • You can open a demat account online by filling out forms on the broker’s website. Ensure that you keep all required documents handy.
  • With the spread of cashless transactions and increasing reliance on digital technology in the financial world, opening a demat account has also moved to an online portal.
  • Traditional method of opening an account involves printing out the physical forms and sending them via courier to your broker’s address. While making the decision to choose one type of account opening procedure over the other keep in mind the account opening fees and hidden courier charges.
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