What is Intraday Trading?

Traders base their profits on different kinds of purposes. One may be a long term investment which is a gradual process, yet may produce high returns. The other can be a short term strategy which includes trading with quick gains. One such method is intraday trading.

Key Points

  • Intraday trading refers to buying and selling of stocks on the same day.
  • Whether a person is an experienced trader or a beginner, looking at the trends and indicators is always beneficial for everyday trading.
  • In intraday trading, you are forced to sell the stocks on the same day, before the market closes. If you fail to do so, your broker may square-off your position, or convert it into a delivery trade.

Here are the basics of intraday trading:

Intraday trading refers to buying and selling of stocks on the same day. It is done using online trading platforms. Suppose a person buys stock for a company, they have to specifically mention ‘intraday’ in the portal of the platform used. This enables the user to buy and sell the same number of stocks of the same company on the same day before the market closes. The purpose is earning profits through the movement of market indices. It is also referred to as Day Trading by many.

    Intraday Trading Indicators

    Traders often face difficulties with concurrent events occurring in intraday trading. Whether a person is an experienced trader or a beginner, looking at the trends and indicators is always beneficial for everyday trading. Let us look at some indicators :

  • Moving Average : Most traders rely on the daily moving average (DMA) of the stocks. The moving average is a line on the charts that shows the behaviour of a stock over a period of time. These charts show the opening and closing rates of the stock. The minimum average line shows the average closing rates of that particular stock in the given interval and helps you comprehend the ups and downs in the price and determine the flow of the stock.
  • Bollinger Bands : These are bands that show the standard deviation of the stock. It consists of three lines – the moving average, the upper limit and the lower limit. If you seek the trading ranger of a particular stock, these help you locate the price variation of the stock over a period of time, hence, you can put your money around the observations.
  • Momentum Oscillators : The stock prices are highly volatile. Such variations largely depend on market situations. If a trader wants to know whether a stock would rise or fall, this is where the momentum oscillator is beneficial. It is depicted in a range of 1 to 100, and shows whether a stock would further rise or fall, helping you in determining when to buy a particular stock. It shows the right time to trade, not making you lose your chances.
  • Relative Strength Index (RSI) : This is the indexed form of all the trading that happens over a stock in a period of time. It ranges from 1 to 100 and graphically shows when a stock is sold or bought highest. The RSI is considered overbought when over 70 and oversold when below 30. It uses a formula for this calculation, that is,
    RSI = 100 – [100 / ( 1 + (Average of Upward Price Change / Average of Downward Price Change ) ) ]

Intraday Time Analysis

When it comes to variations and movements in intraday trading, the most helpful tools are the daily charts. These can provide all the necessary information about the stocks with indicators that show the trend of any particular stock over a definite period of time. They convey the movement of the prices from the start to the close of market. Time analysis becomes a useful tool for intraday trading as the momentum tends to shift quickly. You won’t be able to comprehend the charts before the stock you put your money in goes down steeply or shoots right up. Hence, it becomes necessary for daily traders to look for such charts that would help you understand the flow better – we’ve covered these concepts extensively in things to know while investing in Intraday Trading.

How to choose stocks for Intraday Trading?

Choice of stocks is the first and the most vital step when it comes to Intraday Trading. After all, the money you put in is only worth the time if you get a return, otherwise it is done and dusted. So how do we choose stocks wisely? Let us take a look.

  • Avoid volatile stocks : It is always preferable to stay away from what clearly looks unstable. Why put your money in something that might never let you have it back. Hence, it is advisable to track the stock behavior and consider trading over potentially stable stocks.
  • Correlate stocks with geopolitical changes: It is better to invest in stocks that have a correlation with major sectors. If the index for the sector goes up, it might also affect the price of the stock in a positive manner. For example, strengthening of Indian Rupee against Chinese Renminbi would affect the iron industries. Resultantly, the income from exports would increase and the stocks would go up. Picking stocks while keeping in mind such market situation would help you a lot.
  • Research : Looking, analysing and comprehending are the basic steps of trading. Nothing goes right without proper calculation unless you really have luck on your side while trading. As luck does not often show its grace, it is always necessary to research before trading.
  • Trends : Sometimes it’s better to follow the herde rather than being a lonely wolf. Look for the general flow in the market or the stocks that have raised the most interests in traders. When the market rises, traders must look for the stocks that rise, when it falls, looks for the stocks that show a potential decline.

Delivery vs. Intraday trading

If you buy stock on delivery basis, you can pretty much do anything with it. You can keep it for as long as you want, or sell it the next day. It all depends on what you wish to do with it. Any time you feel the market is high or the value of the stocks held is adequate enough to trade, you can sell them to earn the benefits.

In intraday trading, you are required to sell the stocks on the same day, before the market closes. If you fail to do so, there can be two outcomes. Some online platforms automatically convert those stocks into delivery trades and levy a brokerage, so that you can sell them at your own desired time. Others just square-off your trades at the market price during close time, even if you’re making a loss, and sadly you have to bear the losses.

Wrapping Up

  • Intraday Trading refers to buying and selling stocks on the same day. It is done not with the interest of investment, but with the motive of quick profit.
  • Common indicators which prove to be helpful for traders are : Moving Average, Bollinger Bands, Relative Strength Index, Momentum Oscillators.
  • It is advisable to avoid volatile stocks. Traders should look out for stocks which are correlated with major sectors.
  • Research and following the trends proves vital for a trader, may they be a beginner or professional.
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