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Shareholding Info
  • Promoters
    51.91 %
  • Foreign institutions-FII
    14.76 %
  • Other domestic institutions
    18.14 %
  • Retail and other
    6.3 %
  • Mutual Funds
    8.9 %

About Gail

Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), incorporated in 1984 by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, is the country’s leading natural gas company. GAIL’s operations span a wide range of activities in the value chain pertaining to natural gas and include – trading, transmission, production of LPG, petrochemicals, and so on. GAIL boasts of an impressive network of pipelines across the country, spanning 14,488 kilometres. It has captured a lion’s share of the natural gas market in India, accounting for 70% of the gas transmission market share. When it comes to gas trading, GAIL has thus far captured over 50% of the market share in India. With a mission to enhance the quality of life through the adoption of clean energy, the company promotes the usage of sustainable and efficient energy sources such as natural gas, renewables, and other sources of clean and green energy.In the time to come, GAIL is further looking to expand its scope of operations to include Wind, Solar, and even Biofuels.

Core Activities & Products

Over the years, GAIL has been known for its diversified forms of business. Some of them are as listed below:
  1. Natural Gas:One of the cleanest forms of fuel, natural gas is used by both industries and households alike. Natural gas is a fuel that is clean, non-polluting, and efficient. By way of its vast pipeline network, GAIL is able to supply natural gas straight from the source to a range of markets. With a pipeline network spanning 14,488 kilometres, and a capacity of 206 MMSCMD, GAIL is able to supply natural gas to industries and households across 19 states in India.
  2. Liquid Hydrocarbons:Currently, GAIL operates 5 Gas Processing Units, working towards the production of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and other such products, which include propane, pentane, naphtha, propylene, mixed fuel oil, and hydrogenated C4 mix.
  3. Transmission of LPG:The first company in the country to both own and operate its own pipelines for the transmission of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), GAIL boasts of a 1,410-kilometre long pipeline that connects the northern and western regions of India. It also has a 618-kilometre-long pipeline that connects the eastern and southern regions of India. These pipelines have the capacity to transport over 3.38 MMTPA of Liquefied Petroleum Gas.
  4. Petrochemicals:In a bid to diversify from the marketing and transmission of gas and other biofuels, GAIL set up North India’s first Petrochemical plant in 1999. GAIL also has a number of licenses issued by organizations around the world that allow it to produce components such as LLDPE, HDPE, and PP.
  5. Distribution of Gas in Cities:When it comes to the distribution of gas in cities, GAIL is the leading name in the sector. Via joint ventures with Indraprastha Gas Limited (IGL) and Mahanagar Gas Limited (MGL), GAIL has managed to introduce both PNG (households) and CNG (vehicles), contributing to a cleaner environment. In addition to this, GAIL has now tied up with Bhagyanagar Gas Limited (Andhra Pradesh), Avantika Gas Limited (Madhya Pradesh), Central UP Gas Limited and Green Gas Limited (UP), Maharashtra Natural Gas Limited (Pune) and Tripura Natural Gas Company Limited (Tripura).
  6. Exploration and Production: GAIL has partnered with a range of companies to now undertake in a range of 10 basins – of which 2 are overseas.
  7. Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures: GAIL has a vast network of subsidiaries that operate across the country, engaged in the exploration, production, and distribution of biofuels. The subsidiaries include GAIL Gas Limited, Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL), GAIL Global (Singapore) Pte Ltd, GAIL Global (USA) Inc, and GAIL Global (USA) LNG LLC.In addition to this, GAIL has entered into a joint venture with a number of companies, that include Avantika Gas Limited, Bhagyanagar Gas Limited, Central UP Gas Limited, Green Gas Limited, Indraprastha Gas Limited, Mahanagar Gas Limited, Maharashtra Natural Gas Limited, ONGC Petro-additions Limited, Petronet LNG Limited, Ratnagiri Gas and Power Pvt Ltd, Tripura Natural Gas Company Limited, GAIL China Gas Global Energy Holdings Limited, and Andhra Pradesh Gas Distribution Corporation.

Board of Directors

  • Chairman and Managing Director: Manoj Jain
  • Director (Business Development) & Addl Charge of Director (Marketing): M V Iyer
  • Director (Finance): Rakesh Kumar Jain
  • Director (Projects): Deepak Gupta
  • Director (Human Resources): Ayush Gupta
  • Government Nominee Director: Navneet Mohan Kothari
  • Non-Official Independent Director: Akhilesh Jain
  • Non-Official Independent Director: Sher Singh
  • Non-Official Independent Director: Sanjay Kashyap
  • Non-Official Independent Director: Nandhagopal Narayanasamy
  • Non-Official Independent Director: Kangabam Inaocha Devi
  • Non-Official Independent Director: Ravikant Kolhe
  • Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO): Sandeep Sarkar

Key Executives

  • Chairman and Managing Director: Manoj Jain
  • Company Secretary: A.K Jha


Within 38 years of inception, GAIL has grown rapidly, accounting for 70% of the gas transmission market share and over 50% of the gas trading market share in India. With its strategic diversification plan, foraying into the fields of petrochemicals, liquid hydrocarbons, city gas distribution, and exploration, it is now increasingly making a name for itself in foreign markets. GAIL is set to revolutionise the clean fuel segment and now aims to create green corridors across the country that will connect major centres of consumption across the country with gas fields and LPG terminals.

Registered Office:

GAIL (INDIA) Limited
GAIL Bhawan,
16 Bhikaji Cama Place,
R K Puram,
New Delhi – 110066


The strengths of the company that have had an effect on the GAIL share price and given it a competitive advantage in the market are:
  1. Canara Bank employs over 86,919 people – thus offering a means of livelihood to many Indians.
  2. It is the leading organization in the country engaged in the exploration, production, and distribution of natural gas and other biofuels.
  3. GAIL has been bestowed with the Maharatna status, making it one of the 6 other Public Sector Enterprises to receive this honour.
  4. GAIL has managed to establish a firm grip on the market share, and with its increased diversification of business operations, this is only set to increase.
  5. With a business plan in place that is robust, GAIL enjoys market goodwill because of its intentions to use clean energy to protect the planet.

CSR and Sustainability

In addition to being the leading natural gas entity in India, GAIL also places great emphasis on giving back to society and enhancing the quality of life of people in and around its areas of operations. In an effort to better impact the lives of millions of Indians, GAIL has earmarked 2% of its average net profit over the preceding 3 years for CSR activities. Some of its CSR initiatives include:
  • Project Arogya.
  • GAIL Utkarsh.
  • Support towards Skill Development Training Programmes for Underprivileged/Unemployed Youth.
  • Support for the construction of a Sports Stadium in a government school in Odisha.
  • Support for ‘Swaccha Iconic Places’ in Uttarakhand.
  • Support for the provision of clean drinking water through household tap connections.
  • Support towards bio-medical equipment and infrastructural facilities.
  • Organizing free medical health check-ups and screening camps for malnourished women and children.
  • Support for providing computer sets and printers to schools.
  • Support for the construction of toilets in government schools and public places.

COVID-19 Impact

The Covid-19 pandemic had far-reaching implications for all businesses, small or large. GAIL, too, like other businesses, was impacted by the onset of the pandemic. Before the outbreak of the pandemic, GAIL sold over 113 million cubic metres of fuel per day. Once the lockdown came into effect, the demand for the same went down by half. However, when the restrictions were lifted, consumption slowly rose again and, in a couple of months, reached 95% of the former levels of demand. Since then, GAIL has managed to make a full recovery.

Future Prospects

The future prospects of GAIL include:
  1. Within the next 3 years, GAIL plans to invest Rs.6,000 Crores in the renewable energy sector.
  2. By 2030, GAIL plans to invest another Rs.20,000 Crores in the same.
  3. The company has also chalked up a capital expenditure plan amounting to Rs.40,000 Crores over the next five years, accounting for expansions in the transmission of gas, marketing of the same, and pipelines and petrochemicals.

Did You Know!

When GAIL was incorporated as a company in 1984, it was tasked with the duty of the construction and operation of the Hazira – Vijaypur – Jagdishpur (HVJ) pipeline. Built at a whopping cost of Rs.1700 Crores, this 1800-kilometre-long pipeline was one of the world’s longest cross-country gas pipelines.

Initial Public Offering

The Gail IPO was listed on both the NSE as well as the BSE. It was launched in 2004, and a total of 8,45,65,160 shares were listed. These equity shares were offered to the public at a price of Rs.195 per share.

Equity Shares

Recently, GAIL has been in the news for its decision to buy back 5.70 Crore shares at a cost of Rs.190 per share. This buyback will now result in a reduction in the number of shares that remain outstanding and make future EPS rise. As per most brokers, this buyback can offer a return of 10% to 20%, based on the CMP and acceptance ratio, for short-term investors.
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