What to consider before building an emergency fund?

Having a stable emergency fund is an essential component of personal finance. It provides a financial cushion during unexpected events such as job loss, illness, or unforeseen expenses. A well-planned emergency fund can be the difference between financial stability and financial ruin in times of crisis. However, before building an emergency fund, it's important to consider various factors to ensure it serves its intended purpose. But first, let us understand what an emergency fund is, and why it is important to create an emergency fund.

What is an emergency fund?

An emergency fund is a financial safety net for unexpected expenses and ensures financial security. It should be in an easily accessible account such as a savings account or money market account. Ideally, it should have three to six months of living expenses and be separate from other savings. It will help you avoid taking on more debt and using high-interest credit cards to cover emergency costs. 

Steps for setting up an emergency fund

Here are the steps you can follow and have the funds necessary to cover any unexpected expenses:

  1. Define your emergency fund goal: The first step in setting up an emergency fund is to define the goal. Consider how much money you need to save to cover any unexpected expenses.
  2. Figure out how much you can save every month: Next, determine how much money you can save each month towards your emergency fund. Consider your current income and expenses, and decide on an amount you can save without compromising other important goals.
  3. Open a high-yield savings account: You should open a high-yield savings account dedicated to your emergency fund. This type of account will earn more interest than a traditional savings account, and the funds will be easily accessible in case of an emergency.
  4. Automate your savings: Automate your savings to ensure you are consistently adding to your emergency fund. You can set up an automatic transfer from your checking account to your savings account regularly.
  5. Adjust your fund according to your needs: As your financial situation changes, you may need to adjust the amount of your emergency fund. Make sure your fund is adequately-funded to cover any unexpected expenses.


Before building an emergency fund, it is important to consider the financial goals, the amount of money to save, the timeframe to achieve the goal and the best place to keep the money. It is also important to think about how to create an emergency fund. Plan it out well and make sure to stick to it. By assessing these factors, one can create an emergency fund that is tailored to their specific needs and goals.


The investment options and stocks mentioned here are not recommendations. Please go through your own due diligence and conduct thorough research before investing. Investment in the securities market is subject to market risks. Please read the Risk Disclosure documents carefully before investing. Past performance of instruments/securities does not indicate their future performance. Due to the price fluctuation risk and the market risk, there is no guarantee that your personal investment objectives will be achieved. 

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