Securities Transaction Tax - Overview
As the name suggests itself, STT (Securities Transaction Tax) is one of the multiple taxes to be paid to the Central Government of India. STT is the tax payable on the transaction value of taxable securities. In other words STT is the tax applicable to the sale / purchase of Equities, Derivatives, Equity oriented fund units done by a recognized stock exchange in India and also to the sale of Equity oriented funds units to mutual funds.
Definition - "Securities"
"Securities" is defined in Section 2(h) of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956, to include:
- Shares, scrips, stocks, bonds, debentures, debenture stock or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or other body corporate
- Units or any other instrument issued by any collective investment scheme to the investors in such schemes
- Security receipt as defined in section 2(zg) of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002
- Government securities
- Such other instruments as declared by the Central Government
- Rights or interest in securities.
STT is applicable on the various securities as explained above and it applicability varies with the type of security and the transaction type (Buy / Sell)
STT applicable on Equities
- Intraday: 0.0125% of Turnover by the seller.
- Delivery: 0.10% of Turnover by both buyer & Seller.
STT applicable on Derivatives
- Futures: 0.01% of Turnover by the seller
[Note: STT rate on Sale of Futures in securities has been revised from 0.017% to 0.010% via the 2013 Budget. Revised rated would be effective 1st June 2013]
- Options: 0.017% of the premium by the seller
[Note: Options: the STT is 0.125% of the settlement price (number of lots * lot size * settlement price) in case the option is exercised by the purchaser and the Option is an In-The-Money Option]
STT applicable on Equity Oriented Funds
- Applicable at the rate of 0.25% by the seller
Summary of the STT rates is given in the table below
[table id=48 /]
In case of Commodities, it is known as the Commodities Transaction Tax (CTT).
In his 2013-14 Budget speech, Finance Minister P. Chidambaram had stated that CTT — on the lines of the Securities Transaction Tax (STT) in the capital market — would be levied on non-farm items to be paid by the seller only in futures trading. Thus CTT is applicable on Futures in commodities (except exempted agricultural commodities) at the rate of 0.01% of the turnover payable by the seller.
Rebate in Income Tax
STT paid rebates are to be allowed in computing one's income-tax as per section 87 in accordance with and subject to the provisions of 88E: Rebate in respect of securities transaction tax.
Link: http://law.incometaxindia.gov.in/DIT/ (Search for Section 88E)
A certificate known as Form 10dB can be obtained from the member of the recognized stock exchange and can be claimed under the above rebate for the purpose of Income Tax
Important links for STT / CTT By Recognized Exchanges