Since the beginning of cryptocurrency, when only a few crypto assets were available, the definition of an altcoin has changed. Anything other than Bitcoin (BTC) was referred to as an altcoin back then.

The world of cryptocurrency assets is significantly bigger now. Many coins and tokens with applications go far beyond serving as a means of exchange; therefore, they are not inherently Bitcoin rivals.

However, the fundamental definition of an altcoin, for the absence of a better term, is any cryptocurrency asset other than Bitcoin.

Altcoin- A Brief

The term "altcoins" (BTC) refers to all cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin. Since most cryptocurrencies are forks of either Bitcoin or Ethereum (ETH), many people refer to all cryptocurrencies that are not one of those two as altcoins. By providing unique or extra characteristics or goals, certain altcoins try to set themselves apart from Bitcoin and Ethereum. Some people use alternate consensus techniques to validate transactions and open new blocks.

Most altcoins are developed and released by programmers with specific objectives or intents in mind for their coins or tokens.

Types Of Altcoin

There are many wide varieties and designs of altcoins. Below is a brief explanation of a few of the several altcoin types and the uses they are intended for.

Payment Token

As the name indicates, payment tokens are designed to serve as currency—to trade value between parties. Bitcoin is the most effective example of a payment token.


Trading and using cryptocurrencies have been unpredictable from the beginning. Stablecoins aim to reduce this general uncertainty by connecting their value to various assets like fiat money, valuable metals, or other cryptocurrencies. The bucket is meant to function as a backup to reimburse holders if the coin flounders or encounters problems. Price swings for stablecoins shouldn't exceed a certain threshold.

Security Tokens

Security tokens are among the tokenized assets offered on stock markets. The worth of an asset is transformed through tokenization into a token, which is subsequently given to investors. You can split any asset, even stocks and real estate. For this to work, the asset needs to be maintained and safeguarded. Otherwise, the tokens would be worthless because they wouldn't represent anything. The Securities and Exchange Commission governs security tokens because they are meant to act like securities.

Utility Tokens

Utility tokens are used in networks to provide services. They could be used, for instance, to pay for services, cover network costs, or get incentives. A utility token, like Filecoin, is utilized to pay for network storage space and safeguard data.

Meme Coins

As their word implies, meme coins are parodies of other popular cryptocurrencies or humorous adaptations of such currencies. They regularly get online promotions from prominent influencers or investors looking to make quick income, and they often become popular quickly.

Top 3 Altcoins of 2022


More than 19% of Ethereum (ETH), the largest altcoin on the market, is held out of the $1 trillion total market value of the more than 20,000 crypto assets that are now tradable.

Consider Ethereum as a shared computing network where users can utilize the blockchain to execute decentralized applications (dApps) and host smart contracts, as opposed to Bitcoin, referred to as a "decentralized currency."

  Market cap: $156 billion

Binance Coin

A utility token called Binance Coin can pay trading commissions and receive discounted trades on the Binance exchange. Even outside of the Binance cryptocurrency market, BNB may be used to handle payments for services like making trip bookings.

  Market cap: $46.7 billion


With the aid of Ripple Labs, a digital technology provider and payment processing provider, XRP can ease currency transactions of all kinds. However, this alternative coin has incredibly low transaction fees, and detractors point out that it poses legal issues.

  Market cap: $20 billion

Benefits of Investing Altcoins

  • Lots of Options: The market offers a wide variety of alternative altcoins. Investors can choose more quickly depending on returns, acceptability, and another economic edge.
  • A Better Alternative to Bitcoin? In many aspects, it wouldn't be inaccurate to claim that altcoins are enhanced and modified versions of bitcoin. They are more sophisticated technologically because they were developed after Bitcoin. Numerous altcoins outperform Bitcoin even in terms of transaction speeds.
  • Stability: Unlike Bitcoin, altcoin price fluctuations are often small. The investor would greatly benefit from this because it is more stable than Bitcoins, which are known for their volatility.

Cons of Investing AltCoins

  • Lack of acceptance: Many individuals still don't properly understand altcoins. As a result, the same is not widely accepted in the market. And it is challenging to construct that quickly, given how well-known Bitcoin is right now.
  • Risks: Working with Altcoin entails some risks. They might be more vulnerable to fraud or other mistakes.
  • Market Cap: Prior to recently, many investors were unaware of altcoins. Of course, compared to altcoins, Bitcoin is more well-known and has a higher market value. Investors would be reluctant to put money into a venture offering a lower rate of return.

Future Of Altcoins

Do you intend to make long-term investments in cryptocurrencies? Then it's most likely a good idea to broaden your portfolio by buying altcoins in addition to Bitcoin. Researching the available altcoins is worthwhile for people serious about investing in cryptocurrencies.

While it is hard to foresee the future of any coin with absolute confidence, it is reasonable to assume that altcoins will always hold a position in the cryptocurrency community. Simply put, there are far too many for them not to endure. Having said that, many of the altcoins that are now available on the market are probably doomed to failure. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Bitcoin Superior To Altcoins?

In general, bitcoin is superior to altcoins. This is due to its market value and widespread availability on exchanges. However, some altcoins are superior to bitcoin. Stablecoins, as an illustration, have a set value and are not erratic like bitcoin.

What Does Altcoin Serve?

Based on the developer, different altcoins serve different objectives. They are suitable for business dealings, the exchange of securities, the storage of assets, and more.

How Many Different Kinds Of Cryptocurrencies Exist?

Basically, there are two kinds. Altcoins and bitcoin A specific cryptocurrency is bitcoin. All other currencies are referred to as altcoins. However, there are a lot of these other coins.