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  1. India's Bid for a Strong Global Economic Position

India's Bid for a Strong Global Economic Position

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4 min read • Updated: January 31, 2024, 10:02 PM

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The 2024 Indian Economic Review outlines India's strategic plan to enhance its global economic position through its G20 leadership and diversified trade partnerships. With a focus on increasing India's share of global trade, particularly in regions like Africa and Latin America, and integrating MSMEs into global value chains, the review emphasizes digitalization, innovation, and inclusive growth. By championing critical reforms and fostering resilient trade practices, India aims to solidify its role as a key player in the international marketplace, presenting lucrative opportunities for investors and professionals across sectors.

Key Highlights:

  • With an estimated 82% of global GDP flowing through G20 member countries, India's leadership holds immense influence in shaping global economic policy

  • The Review aims to increase India's share of global trade from 2.1% to 3.5% by 2025, with a focus on regions like Africa, where India's trade is projected to triple by 2030.

  • The report estimates that MSMEs contribute over 30% of India's GDP and employ over 110 million people, highlighting their crucial role in building resilient value chains.

The 2024 Indian Economic Review paints a clear picture of India's ambitious vision for global economic leadership. It outlines two key pillars: leveraging India's G20 presidency to shape the global economic agenda and fostering diversified trade partnerships that propel India's position in the international marketplace. This article delves into these objectives, analyzing their potential impact on India's economic trajectory and offering insights for investors and financial professionals.

With an estimated 82% of global GDP flowing through G20 member countries, India has an important position in shaping global economic policy. This presents a unique opportunity to champion reforms with wide-ranging impact, focusing on areas like reforming the multilateral trade system, bridging the digital divide, and establishing ethical frameworks for AI governance.

By actively driving these reforms within the G20 framework, India can not only contribute to a more resilient and inclusive global economy but also establish itself as a leader in shaping the future of international trade and digitalization.

Beyond Traditional Trade

The Economic Review 2024 reiterates the strategic shift towards diversifying India's trade partnerships. The goal remains to increase India's share of global trade from 2.1% to 3.5% by 2027, with a strong focus on regions like Africa, where India's trade is projected to quadruplicate by 2030 according to the latest World Bank estimates.

Latin America remains a key target, with the Review aiming to triple trade by 2026, particularly in sectors like IT, education, and renewable energy. Strengthening ties with ASEAN nations and exploring FTAs with economies like the UAE and Israel are also prioritized, offering exciting avenues for unlocking new trade potential. This diversification strategy promises to boost India's export competitiveness, generate high-quality jobs, and enhance its overall economic resilience in an increasingly interconnected global marketplace.

Building Resilient Value Chains

Integrating Indian MSMEs into GVCs (global value chains) remains a crucial aspect of the government's vision for sustainable and inclusive growth. The Review highlights the continued effort to increase accessibility to credit lines and guarantee schemes for MSMEs, aiming to boost their reach and competitiveness by 20%.

Strengthening technological capabilities through digital adoption and skilling programs is another key priority, to equip at least 50% of MSMEs with essential digital skills by 2027. The Review further emphasizes the immense potential of digital trade, aiming to:

Reduce transaction costs by 30% through streamlined cross-border e-commerce and paperless trade processes. Expand market access for Indian businesses by connecting them with global consumers through a comprehensive network of e-commerce platforms and digital infrastructure advancements. Foster innovation in the fintech and digital trade sectors by creating a conducive regulatory environment that attracts investment and encourages the development of cutting-edge solutions.


The Indian Economic Review presents a compelling roadmap for India's ascent to a prominent position in the global economic landscape. By leveraging its G20 presidency to champion critical reforms and actively pursuing diversified trade partnerships, India can unlock new avenues for growth, strengthen its economic resilience, and position itself as a key player in the international marketplace.

For seasoned professionals in nearly every sector, this strategic shift presents exciting opportunities for investment and collaboration, necessitating close monitoring of its implementation and potential outcomes. As India steps onto the global stage as G20 leader, its commitment to inclusive growth, resilient trade, and responsible digitalization will ultimately determine the success of its ambitious vision for economic leadership.