What is an undersubscribed IPO? 

What is an undersubscribed IPO? 

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) is the method of giving shares of a private business to the public to raise money for a company. This is often done through an investment bank. IPOs are a way for companies to raise capital by offering shares to investors. The company receives the money from the shares. 

Meaning - Undersubscribed IPO

It is an initial public offering in which the demand from investors is less than the number of shares offered by the company. If an IPO is undersubscribed, it may be cancelled or postponed. This can happen for a number of reasons, including a lack of interest in the company's stock, concerns about the company's financial stability, or a belief that the stock price will fall after it begins trading. 

Investors may be hesitant to purchase shares because they believe the company will not be able to meet its financial obligations or because they do not believe the stock is worth the price. If an IPO is undersubscribed, it may be postponed or cancelled. 

What are some benefits of an undersubscribed IPO?

Following are some of the benefits: 

  • First, it allows the company to control its share price better. When demand is high, and there are more buyers than sellers, prices can be driven up quickly and become artificially inflated. This can be detrimental to the company's long-term health as it may be difficult to maintain such high prices. By having an undersubscribed IPO, the company can better manage its share price and ensure that it remains at a level that is sustainable in the long term.
  • Another benefit is that the company can meet the demand of its investors. By having enough shares for all investors, the company does not have to worry about some who are left out or forced to purchase at a higher price than they want to.

How to make money from undersubscribed IPOs 

Before you invest, you can do a few things to increase your chances of success. 

First, pay attention to the timing of the offering. Often, companies will price their IPO at the low end of their expected range in order to generate more interest. 

Second, research the company thoroughly before making your investment. Undersubscribed IPOs can be riskier than others, so it's important to know as much as possible about the business before buying its shares. 

Simple strategies for cashing in on undersubscribed IPOs 

Fortunately, investors can use a few strategies to cash in on these opportunities. 

  1. Watch for secondary offerings: If a company's IPO is undersubscribed, it may make a secondary offering later. This is an opportunity for investors to buy more shares at a lower price.
  2. Look for the big players: In some cases, private investors may be able to buy shares from other investors who are tired of waiting for an IPO to take place. This can be a good opportunity for investors who have solid connections to other investors.
  3. Watch for investor fatigue: Investors may become frustrated with the company and its IPO after a while. This frustration is usually caused by factors such as low stock price performance, poor earnings reports, or bad publicity.
  4. Watch out for the "sell-off": When an IPO is released, a handful of players usually make money by shorting the stock pre-IPO. After the stock has been released to the public, those investors will start to sell off their shares.

Why do IPOs get undersubscribed?

First, an IPO is a new and risky investment. Many investors are reluctant to put their money into something that could go wrong. 

Second, the shares offered in an IPO are often overvalued. This means that the price of the shares is higher than what they are worth. Finally, there can be a lot of hype surrounding an IPO. This can make it hard for investors to decide whether or not to buy the shares. IPOs can be risky. However, they also have high potential rewards. That's why some investors are willing to take a chance on them. 

Thirdly, capital gains tax is the difference between the price of a stock bought and its price when sold. 

What are the effects of an undersubscribed IPO? 

One effect of an IPO is that the company may have to offer its shares at a lower price than originally planned. This can lead to a loss of revenue for the company and may make it difficult for the company to raise capital in the future. Additionally, shareholders may see their investments decline if the share price falls below the price they paid for their shares. 

Investment banks that underwrote the IPO may also be affected. If the company cannot raise enough capital through the IPO, it may be forced to borrow money from a bank. Since banks are less willing to loan money to companies with poor track records or those in financial distress, they will charge higher interest rates and fees on these loans. 

How to avoid an undersubscribed IPO? 

If you're considering investing in an IPO, it's important to research and be aware of the risks involved. Here are a few tips to be followed: 

  • Pay attention to market conditions: If the overall market is struggling, it's likely that IPOs will be undersubscribed. Keep an eye on major indices and economic indicators to understand where the market is  heading. 
  • Know the company: It's essential to have a good understanding of the business before investing in its IPO. 

How to fix the problem of undersubscribed IPOs? 

There are a few ways to fix the problem: 

One way to fix the problem is by sweetening the deal for potential investors. This can be done by offering a higher price per share or by providing additional benefits such as discounts or bonuses. Another way to attract more interest is by increasing the marketing and advertising budget for the IPO. This will help to create more awareness of the offering and make it more attractive to potential investors. 

Another option to fix the problem is to reduce the number of shares being offered in the IPO. This will make each share more valuable and increase demand from investors. An undersubscribed IPO is generally considered a bad thing. It means that the company cannot raise as much capital as initially intended and must find another way to get the additional money. 


In conclusion, the undersubscribed IPO is a result of the current market conditions and the actions of the underwriters. The underwriters have taken measures to increase the demand for the shares, but it is ultimately up to the market to decide the price. 

Such IPO is a disappointment for the company and its shareholders. The lacklustre response from investors indicates that the market does not have confidence in the company's future. This is a setback for the company, but it is not the end of the story. The company can take steps to improve its financial health and regain investor confidence. With a strong plan and execution, the company can turn this situation around and achieve success. 

Also, it may be difficult for the company to raise the capital it needs to grow and expand. In some cases, it can even lead to the failure of a company. For investors, it can be a sign that there are better opportunities elsewhere. 

An undersubscribed IPO is one in which the offering documents provide insufficient information about the company and its business. This can lead to investors needing to learn what they are buying into and to problems down the road if the company cannot meet its financial projections. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) : 

Q. How do I know if the IPO is undersubscribed? 

First, check the number of shares that have been sold. An investor can tell if his company is undersubscribed by looking at the IPO subscription ratio, which, if less than one, means there were more shares offered than were applied for, then the company is undersubscribed. Another way to tell is by looking at the price per share. 

Q. How does an undersubscribed IPO work?

If an IPO is undersubscribed, it can still go ahead if the company is willing to sell its shares at a lower price than it had hoped. This will impact the amount of money raised by the IPO and may make it less attractive to potential investors in future. 

It's also worth noting that an IPO, if undersubscribed, can be a sign that the company is overvalued, so it's something to be aware of if you're considering investing in one. 

Q. What can be done to address an undersubscribed IPO? 

One way is to increase the number of shares that are offered. This will help to attract more investors and get the company the capital it needs. Another way is to provide more incentives to investors, such as bonuses or discounts. This will make the investment more attractive and help raise the amount of money raised. Finally, the company can work on its marketing and publicity efforts. This will create awareness of the IPO and help to bring in more investors. 

Q. What are the reasons behind the undersubscription of IPO? 

The IPO was priced too high, and potential investors thought it was not a good value. If a company sets its IPO price too high, it may only be able to sell some of the shares it wants to and may end up with unsold inventory. This can signal to the market that the company is overvalued, leading to the stock price dropping after the IPO. Another possibility is that investors were concerned about the company's financials or business model and did not want to take on the risk of investing in the company. 

Q. What if a stock is undersubscribed? 

If a stock is undersubscribed, there are not enough buyers to meet the number of shares being offered. This can happen for various reasons, but it typically happens when a company is not well-known or when there is negative news surrounding it. When this happens, the company may need to lower the price of the stock to entice more buyers. Sometimes, the company may even need to pull the offering entirely. 

If an IPO is undersubscribed, it may be priced lower than expected and lead to a first-day loss for investors.