Bull call spread strategy in options trading: 18 January 2022

Blog | TRADING 101

A bull call spread strategy is an option strategy that traders implement when they are “moderately” bullish on a stock or an index. In this strategy, traders buy an ATM (at-the-money) call option and sell an OTM (out-of-the-money) call option to reduce their cost. 

Let’s see how this strategy works.

Background

TCS, the country’s leading IT player, posted a robust set of numbers for Q3 FY21 as it recorded a 12.2% increase in profit at ₹9,763 crore while revenue expanded by 16.3% to ₹48,885 crore.

The company said that the stellar Q3 performance has helped it achieve $25 bn in annual revenue in 2021.

Derivatives build-up

After touching the recent highs of 3970 earlier this month, the stock corrected to 3,836 in the market fall. It has now bounced back and is trading at 4,000 levels. 

The January 4,100 strike price call option has a significant base suggesting that the stock can face resistance at this price. 

This is about 2.5% higher than the current price of 4,000

The lot size in the F&O contract is 150 shares per lot.

Action

Traders willing to take a moderately bullish position on it tend to initiate a bull call spread strategy that involves buying an ATM (at-the-money) call option of 4,000 strike price (January expiry) at ₹54 and selling an OTM (out-of-the-money) call option of 4,100 strike price (January expiry) at ₹22.

Now, if the stocks moves higher and closes at ₹4,100 levels on expiry, the trader will make a profit of ₹10,200 [Profit on long call option: (46 * 150 = 6,900) + profit on short call option: (22 * 150 = 3,300).

However, at the price of ₹4,100, the profit is capped at ₹10,200 because above this rate every one rupee increase in premium of the long call position will be offset by a one rupee increase in premium of the short call position.

The break-even point of this strategy is calculated by adding the ATM (at-the-money) strike price (4,000) and the net premium paid (54 - 22 = 32). In this case, the break-even point  is ₹4,032 (4,000 + 32). If the stock closes at ₹4,032 on expiry, the trader will have neither incurred a profit nor a loss. 

In case the stock goes down, say below ₹4,000 levels, the trader's loss is limited to a net premium paid of ₹4,800 (32 * 150). 

This strategy has a favourable profit to loss payoff of nearly 2:1, which tends to work in the favour of the trader. 

We hope this strategy was simple and easy to understand. You can try spotting it on the option chain and see if you are able to identify levels. 

We’ll bring you a lot of strategies that will help you to identify trade setups easily.

Until then, happy trading!

About the author: Kush Bohra is a SEBI-registered investment advisor and an F&O expert.


If you haven't already done so, activate the F&O segment on your Upstox account! Click here to begin F&O trading.

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Disclaimer

Derivatives trading must be done only by traders who fully understand the risks associated with them and strictly apply risk mechanisms like stop-losses. 

We do not recommend any particular stock. The stock names mentioned in this article are purely for showing how to do analysis. Take your own decision before investing. 

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